The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, is a set of 17 Global Goals developed as a predecessor for Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and are championed by the United Nations in 193 Member States, as well as global civil societies. Kenya is a signatory to the SDGs. The goals are contained in paragraph 54 United Nations Resolution A/RES/70/1 of 25th September 2015. The Resolution is a broader intergovernmental agreement that acts as the Post 2015 Development Agenda .
The Intergovernmental Negotiations on the Post 2015 Development Agenda (IGN) began in January 2015 and ended in August 2015. Following the negotiations, a final document was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit September 25–27, 2015 in New York, USA. The title of the agenda is Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
In September 2017 Parliament of Kenya formed a caucus for Sustainable Development Goals and Business which was approved by the speaker of the National Assembly Hon. Justine Muturi the same month. There is no doubt that the National Assembly and the County Assembly Governments play a major role towards the realization of the SDGs having been granted powers to legislate laws pertaining to these areas under the 4TH Schedule of Constitution of Kenya 2010.
The Parliamentary Caucus on Sustainable Development Goals and Business is an Association of Parliamentarians convened at the beginning of the 12TH Parliament pursuant to Parliament Standing Order 259, with the purpose of promoting Sustainable Development and Responsive Business through legislation, representation, oversight and partnerships. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2015-2030, are 17 Global Goals for development which came after the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). With a Membership of 20 like-minded parliamentarians, The Parliamentary Caucus on SDGs and Business has representation in all the 47 Counties. As the elected representatives of their people, parliamentarians have a critical role to play in driving forward people-centered development that is reflective of and responsive to the needs of their constituents. In recent decades, there has been increasing recognition of the importance of engaging parliamentarians in efforts to advance environmentally-sensitive, inclusive growth and sustainable development. Through their constitutional mandates, for example, in making laws and overseeing government policies and programs, including enacting and scrutinizing the government budget and representing the views of their constituents, parliamentarians are valuable partners in ensuring the accountable, inclusive, participatory and transparent governance that is necessary to achieve sustainable development for all.
- To strengthen capacity of Legislators to deliver on their mandate by enabling them conceptualize the Development Frameworks both at local, national and international level and be able to identify with the roles they play in these frameworks while fostering a spirit of ownership of the guiding principles.
- To promote development-based discussions within the various Committees, County Assemblies and between them and other actors from different sectors of the country which could lead to identification of long lasting solutions for developing the country.
- To create awareness on SDGs while relating them to the Big Four Agenda countrywide and enable Legislators to localise these goals to their voters in a language that is not discriminative to semi-illiterates for the broadening of public participation in SDGs realization.
- To promote partnerships between Legislators, the Executive, Civil Societies, international actors and the Private Sector in attaining development not forgetting the Academia, Media and various Sector Conveners who have a great contribution in development of the economy.
- To mainstream Gender Equality in development considering that SDGs realization directly impact positively on gender equality notwithstanding that Gender Equality is goals number 5.
- To bring to attention the gaps in policy formulation and implementation that need to be filled to realize development in different sectors of the Economy and thereby advocating for adoption and implementation of SDGs governing laws to fill in the gaps
- Play an oversight role in SDGs matters taking into account the budgeting and prioritization that should come hand in hand with the SDGs Laws implementation processes.
- To have a Parliamentary Support Unit that can bring together Legislators and different actors in development for the growth of the country at any given time and that can be offering continuous Professional Development Trainings and Capacity Building to Legislators in Kenya.